Caselaw

Key Intellectual Property Caselaw

Absolute grounds for registration of a trade mark

Libertel Groep BV v Benelux Merkenbureau 2003 (Orange for telecommunications) – Case C-104/01

Sieckmann v Deutsches Patent und Markenamt – ECJ -Case C-273/00

Procter & Gamble v OHIM (shape of detergent tablet) – Case C-468/01

Mitsubishi HiTec Paper Bielefeld GmbH, formerly Stora Carbonless Paper GmbH v OHIM (GIROFORM) – Case T-331/99

Procter & Gamble v OHIM (BABY-DRY) – Case C-383/99P

Björnekulla Fruktindustrier AB v Procordia Food AB (BOSTONGURKA) – Case C-371/02

Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company v OHIM (DOUBLEMINT) – Case C-191/01 P

Koninklijke KPN Nederland NV v Benelux-Merkenbureau (POSTKANTOOR) – Case C-363/99

Campina Melkunie BV v Benelux-Merkenbureau (BIOMILD) – Case C-265/00

Telepharmacy Solutions Inc. v OHIM (TELEPHARMACY) – Case T-289/02

OHIM v Celltech R&D Ltd (CELLTECH), Case C-273/05 P

Ekabe/OHIM Ebro Puleva, Case T-28/05

Matratzen Concord AG v Hukla Germany SA (MATRATZEN) – Case C-421/04

Quick restaurants SA v OHIM (QUICK) – Case T-348/02

Ekabe International SCA v OHIM (Omega 3 device) – Case T-28/05

SAT.1 SatellitenFernsehen GmbH v OHIM (SAT.2) – Case C-392/02P

allsafe Jungfalk v OHIM (ALLSAFE) – Case T-343/07

BVBA Management, Training en Consultancy v Benelux-Merkenbureau (THE KITCHEN COMPANY) – Case C-239/05

Bank für Arbeit und Wirtschaft AG v OHIM (EASYBANK) – Case T-87/00

August Storck  KG v UKIPO (WHERE ALL YOUR FAVOURITES COME TOGETHER) – BL 0/573/01

Eurocool Logistik GmbH v OHIM (EUROCOOL) – Case T-34/00

Andreas Stihl AG & Co. KG v OHIM (colours orange and grey) – Case T-234/01

Elizabeth Florence Emanuel v Continental Shelf, Case C-259/04 (summary)

R (on the application of Northern Foods plc) v Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs [2006] FSR 29, [2007] 1 All ER 216 (summary)

Queen Diana trade mark [1991] RPC 395

The Combined Armed Forces Association

Pall Corp. v P. J. Dahlhausen & Co., Case C-238/89

Acquired distinctiveness

Windsurfing Chiemsee Produktions- und Vertriebs GmbH (WSC) v Boots- und Segelzubehör Walter Huber and Franz Attenberger (CHIEMSEE) – Cases C-108-109/97

WHISKAS colour purple for cat food 3793361

Mars Inc v OHIM (BOUNTY bar shape) 2009

English in Scandinavia – Case T-435/07 New Look v OHIM (NEW LOOK) [2008]

Ford Motor co v OHIM (OPTIONS) [2000]

English for computers or professional or commercial matters.

Bovemzekeringen NV v Benelux-Merkenbureau [2006]

Slogans

Das Prinzip Der Bequemlichkeit’ [“The Principle of Comfort”] C-64/02 P

Société des produits Nestlé SA v Mars UK Ltd, Case C-353/03 (HAVE A BREAK) (summary)

Audi AG v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market – Case C-398/08 P

Smells, Colours

Sieckmann v Deutsches Patent und Markenamt – ECJ -Case C-273/00

Libertel Groep BV v Benelux Merkenbureau 2003 (Orange for telecommunications) – Case C-104/01

Heidelberger Bauchemie GmbH v Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt (colours blue and yellow) – Case C-49/02

KUKA Roboter GmbH v OHIM (Orange for robots) – Case T-97/08

Shapes

Dyson Ltd v Registrar of Trade Marks- Case C-321/03 (PAN 7/07)

Linde, Winward Industries and Rado – C-53/01 to C-55/01

Whirlpool v Kenwood [2008] EWHC 1930 (Ch)

Henkel KGaA v OHIM – Case C-218/01 (summary)

Procter & Gamble v OHIM (shape of detergent tablet) – Case C-468/01

August Storck v OHIM – Cases C-24/05 and C-25/05 – (Werther’s Original shape)(summary)

Mag Instruments Inc v OHIM – Case C-136/02 P (summary)

DaimlerChrysler Corporation v OHIM – Case T-128/01

Koninklijke Philips Electronics NV v Remington Consumer Products Ltd – Case C-299/99 (summary)

Lego Juris A/S v OHIM – Case C-48/09

Comparison of the marks

Specsavers v Asda [2010] EWHC 2035 (Ch)[2012] EWCA Civ 24Case C-252/12

LTJ Diffusion SA v Sadas Vertbaudet SA (ARTHUR and ARTHUR ET FELICIE), 2003

Reed v Reed [2004] EWCA Civ 159 (summary)

IBM v WebSphere Trade Mark [2004] FSR 39 (summary)

Origins Natural Resources Inc v Origin Clothing Ltd [1995] FSR 280 (summary)

Decon Laboratories Limited v Fred Baker Scientific Limited and Veltek [2001] ETMR 46 (486)

British Sugar plc v James Robertson & Sons Ltd [1996] RPC 281 (Treat) (summary)

Asprey & Garrard Ltd v WRA (Guns) Ltd [2002] FSR 31

Comparison of the goods

IRousselon Freres et Cie v Horwood Homewares Ltd [2008] RPC 30 (summary)

IP Translator

Likelihood of confusion

Sabel BV v Puma AG, [1997], Case C-251/95 (summary)

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha v Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc. [1998], Case C-39/97 (summary)

Lloyd Schuhfabrik Meyer & Co GmbH v Klijsen Handel BV (Loint’s) – Case C-342/97

Medion AG v Thompson multimedia Sales Germany and Austria GmbH – Case C-120/04 (summary)

Rousselon Freres et Cie v Horwood Homewares Ltd [2008] RPC 30 (summary)

adidas AG and adidas Benelux BV v Marca Mode CV and Others, C-102/08

Picasso estate v DaimlerChrysler AG – Case T-185/02

OHIM v Shaker di L. Laudato & C. Sas, Case C-334/05 (summary)

Ratiopharm GmbH’s trade mark application [2007]

Il Ponte Finanziaria Spa v OHIM, FMG Textiles Srl, Case C-234/06 (summary)

DISPRIN (UK) (para 32)

OBELIX

SOUTH BECK

React trade mark [2000]

Sanofi-Aventis SA v OHIM, Case T-146/06

Unfair advantage and detriment to distinctiveness and reputation

Specsavers v Asda [2010] EWHC 2035 (Ch)[2012] EWCA Civ 24Case C-252/12

Premier Brands UK Ltd v Typhoon Europe Ltd, [2000] ETMR 1071

General Motors Corporation v Yplon SA [1999] Case C‑375/97

Intel Corporation Inc. v CPM United Kingdom Ltd, Case C‑252/07 (summary)

L’Oréal v Bellure NV (smellalike perfume), Case C‑487/07,(summary)

PAGO International GmbH v Tirolmilch registrierte Genossenschaft mbH, Case C-301/07 (summary)

Interflora v Marks and Spencer [2013] EWHC 1291 (Ch) (High Court judgment) (iPit summary), [2013] EWHC 1484 (Ch) (Injunction judgment)

Marks and Spencer v Interflora [2009] EWHC 1095 (Ch)[2012] EWCA Civ 1501 (survey evidence)

Parallel Imports

Volvo v. Veng [1988] ECR 6211, Case 238/87

Silhouette International Schmied GmbH & Co. KG v. Hartlauer Handelsgesellschaft GmbH, Case C-355/96.

Sebago Inc. and Ancienne Maison Dubois et Fils SA v. GB-Unic SA, Case C-173/98

Zino Davidoff v. A&G Imports and Levi Strauss v Tesco and Costco, Joined cases C-414/99, C-415/99, C-416-99

Van Doren and Q. GmbH v. Lifestyle Sports and Sportswear Handelsgesellschaft mbH and Michael Orth, Case C-244/00

Case C-16/03, Peak Holding AB v. Axolin-Elinor AB [2004] ECR I-0000; [2005] ETMR 28

Oracle America Inc v M-Tech Data Ltd and Lichtenstein [2010] EWCA Civ 1997 (UK)

Coty Prestige Lancaster Group GmbH v Simex Trading Ag (ECJ) – Case C-127/09 [2010] (summary)

Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli AG v Franz Hauswirth GmbH, Case C-529/07, 11 June 2009

Mundipharma v OHIM-Altana Pharma (RESPICUR) (Case T-256/04 P)

Genuine use

Specsavers v Asda [2010] EWHC 2035 (Ch)[2012] EWCA Civ 24Case C-252/12

Leno Merken v Hagelkruis Beheer – Case C-149/11

Whirlpool v Kenwood [2008] EWHC 1930 (Ch)

PAGO International GmbH v Tirolmilch registrierte Genossenschaft mbH, Case C-301/07

Ansul BV v Ajax Brandbeveiliging, [2003], Case C-40/01 (summary)

Laboratoires Goemar SA v La Mer Technology Inc [2004], Case C-259/02

BUBBLES, where 3 units sold was genuine use

Vitafruit, ECJ 11 May 2006, C-416/04 P

T-126/03 (ALADDIN)

UK revocation proceedings no. 10237 by Anheuser Busch for revocation of UK trade mark no. 807395

Kureha v OHIM Case T-487/08

Imperial Group plc & another v Philip Morris Limited & another [1984] RPC 29

Bad faith

Gromax Plasticulture Ltd v Don & Low (Nonwovens) Ltd 1999 RPC 367

Antoinette van Rossum v Heinrich Mack Nachf GmbH & Co KG CLAIRE FISHER

Harte-Hanks v Trillium Digital 2000

Sureness v Multiple Marketing C000479899/1

Hotel Cipriani SRL & others v Cipriani (Grosvenor Street) Ltd & other [2008] EWHC 3032 (Ch)

Hotel Cipriani SRL & others v Cipriani (Grosvenor Street) Ltd & others [2010] EWCA Civ 110

Statements of case

DEMONALE

Infringing trade mark use

 

Cosmetic Warriors Ltd and Lush Ltd v Amazon.co.uk Ltd and Amazon EU Sarl [2014] EWHC 181 (Ch)

 

Céline SARL v Céline SA, Case C-17/06 (summary)

O2 Holdings v Hutchison 3G, Case C-533/06 (summary)

LVMH v Google France, Joined Cases C-236/08 to C-238/08

Portakabin Ltd and Portakabin BV v Primakabin BV, Case C-558/08

L’Oréal SA, Lancôme parfums et beauté & Cie, Laboratoire Garnier & Cie, L’Oréal (UK) Limited v eBay International AG, eBay Europe SARL and eBay (UK) Limited, Case C-324/09 (summary)

Interflora Inc v Marks & Spencer plc, C-323/09 (summary)

Yell Limited v Giboin & others [2011] EWPCC 9 (summary)

Arsenal Football Club plc v Matthew Reed, Case C-206/01 [2003] EWCA Civ 696

Holterhoff v Freiesleben, Case C-2/00 (cuts of precious stones)Trebor Bassett Ltd v The Football Association [1997] FSR 211 (summary)

Samuel Smith Old Brewery (Tadcaster) v Lee (t/a Cropton Brewery) [2011] EWHC 1879 (Ch)

Passing Off

British Sugar plc v James Robertson & Sons Ltd [1996] RPC 281 (Treat) (summary)

Warnink (Erven) Besloten Vennootschap v. J. Townend Sons Ltd [1980] R.P.C. 29 (Advocaat)

Reckitt & Colman Products Ltd v Borden [1990] RPC 341 HL “Jif”

IRC v Muller’s Margarine [1901] AC 217

Combe International Ltd v. Scholl (UK) Ltd [1980] R.P.C. 1

Bristol Conservatories v Conservatories Custom Build [1989] RPC 455

Mirage Studios v Counter-feat Clothing Co Ltd 1990 – Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles

Hodgkinson & Corby Ltd v Wards Mobility Services Ltd [1995] FSR 169

Bollinger v Costa Brava Wine Co Ltd [1960] Ch 262

Diageo v Intercontinental Brands [2010] EWHC 17 (Ch) (Vodkat) (summary)

Parma Ham v Marks & Spencer [1991] RPC 351 CA

Colgate Palmolive v Markwell Finance [1989] RPC 497 CA – toothpaste from Brazil

Wilts United Dairies v Thomas Robinson [1958] RPC 94 CA – old condensed milk misrepresented as in date milk

Och-Ziff Management Europe Ltd and Anor v Och Capital LLP & Ors [2010] EWHC 2599 (iPit summary)

Phones 4U Ltd v Phone4U.co.uk Internet Ltd [2006] EWCA Civ 244 (summary)

Hotel Cipriani Srl & Ors v Cipriani (Grosvenor Street) Ltd & Ors [2010] EWCA Civ 110

Wild Child trade mark [1998] RPC 455

Alberto Jorge Moreira da Fonseca, Lda v OHIM, Joined cases T-318/06 to T-321/06

Inter Lotto (UK) Camelot Group plc [2004] RPC 9

Remedies

DHL Express France v Chronopost – Case C-235/09 (injunctions EU-wide by default (Interflora v M&S EWHC1484 (Ch))

American Cyanamid v Ethicon 1975 A.C. 396 H.L.(E) Article on the guidelines

Series 5 Software v Clarke [1996] 1 All ER 853 – summary

Damages

National Guild of Removers & Storers Limited  vChristopher Silveria and others [2010] EWPCC 15

Meters v Metropolitan (1911) 28 RPC 157

Costs

UK opposition, litigants in person – SOUTH BECK

TPN 4/2007

Counterfeit and criminal actions

Torbay Council v Satnam Singh [1999] EWHC Admin 553 (summary)

R v Johnstone [2003] 3 All ER 884 (summary)

R v Boulter [2008] EWCA Crim 2375 (summary)

Essex Trading Standards v Singh [2009] WLR D 81 (summary)

Copyright

Infopaq International A/S v Danske Dagblades Forening, Case C‑5/08

The Newspaper Licensing Agency Limited & others v Meltwater Holding BV & Others, [2011] EWCA Civ 890

GMG Radio Holdings Limited & ors v Tokyo Project Limited & ors (Hed Kandi style), [2005] EWHC 2188 (Ch) (summary)

Designs

Samsung Electronics (UK) Limited v Apple [2012] EWHC 1882 (Pat)

PepsiCo v Grupo Promer (C-281/10P) [2012] FSR 5

Shenzhen Taiden v OHIM, case T-153/08, BAILII: [2010] EUECJ T-153/08

Grupo Promer v OHIM[2010] ECDR 7

J Choo (Jersey) Limited v Towerstone Limited & Others [2008] EWHC 346 (Ch D)

Nouveau Fabrics v Voyage Decoration, Dunelm Soft Furnishings Ltd [2004] EWHC 895 (Ch)

Professional negligence

Finecard International Ltd (t/a the Ninja Corporation) v Urquhart Dyke & Lord (A Firm) & Anor, [2005] EWHC 2481 (Ch)

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